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location Norway

NORWAY

Norway entered the monetary scene relatively late, in the 9th century when Islamic dirhems were imported in substantial numbers. Vikings brought silver and coins with them together with knowledge about coinage and minting. The first Norwegian coin was issued in the 990s by the Viking king Olaf Tryggvason. A national monetary system was established by king Harald Hardrade before he was slain in the battle at Stamford Bridge in 1066.

Norway is a good place to study coinage and the use of money in the periphery of Europe, especially in the pre-modern period. Norway was part of monetary unions from the 15th century to 1814 and again from 1875 to World War I.

After more than five hundred years in political unions with Denmark and Sweden respectively, Norway became independent in 1905. In the beginning of the 20th century Norway was among the poorest countries in Europe. A century later Norway is a leading player in the worlds financial markets.

Due to the discoveries of abundant silver resources in 1623 Norway became an important source for silver to mints in Northern Europe in the early modern period.


University of Oslo.

University of Oslo logo The University of Oslo is the oldest, largest and most prestigious university in Norway, situated in the Norwegian capital of Oslo. It was founded in 1811 as The Royal Frederick University.

Currently the university has about 27,000 students and employs about 4,600 people. It is considered one of the leading universities of Scandinavia, and has consistently been ranked among the world's top 100 universities by the Academic Ranking of World Universities; in 2009 it was ranked as the best in Norway, the 3rd best in the Nordic countries, the 18th best in Europe and the 65th best in the world. Also, in 2005 its Faculty of Humanities was ranked as the best in the Nordic countries, the 5th best in Europe and the 16th best in the world by the THE-QS World University Rankings. › See letter of support (.pdf) › Website

Gullbekk, Svein H. Pr. Svein H. GullbekkSvein H. Gullbekk is associate Professor at the University of Oslo, and works at the University Museum of Cultural Heritage’s Coin Cabinet.
Main research field : coinage and the use of money in Viking and medieval society, in particular research into monetary systems, monetary regimes and the meaning of money in pre-modern society.

The COST project will provide excellent opportunity to study the economic and monetary histories of Europe with a combination of in-depth studies and broad term perspectives within an interdisciplinary environment. › Personal Page

Dr. Håkon IngvaldsenAssociate Professor at the University of Oslo, Museum of Cultural History since 2003. His professional background includes being Board member of Museum of Cultural History (2000-8) and Deputy Head of Department of Archaeology (2008-9), member of various scientific, editorial and administrative committees (e.g. University of Oslo, Norwegian National Bank, Letterstedska Association).
Main research field : Coinage and the use of money from Archaic Greece to the Byzantine period. Particular research into the effect changes of monetary practices had on society regarding concepts of value transaction, political organization and social symbolism. Håkon Ingvaldsen has recently been principal in developing a scholarly network (Towns in Transition) aimed at investigating money use and economy as part of the processes that have caused the rise and fall of towns and cities in a long term perspective, focusing on geographical diverse material and diachronic events.

The COST project : to establish a network based on interdisciplinary and chronologically diverse research is the right way to go. Archaeology is not about the past, it’s about the people living here and now. The Cost project would be a natural scholarly environment for research providing a new knowledge base for understanding European monetary unions and the effect they have had and will have on the peoples of our countries.



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